Joseph Jenckes, II

Male - 1717


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  • Name  Joseph Jenckes, II 
    Suffix  II 
    Gender  Male 
    Baptism  12 Oct 1628  Horton, Buckinghamshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [1
    Died  04 Jan 1717  Pawtucket, Providence Co, Rhode Island Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Buried  11 Jan 1717  Pawtucket, Providence Co, Rhode Island Find all individuals with events at this location  [2
    Notes 
    • The second Joseph Jenckes joined his father in Lynn, MA, in 1647. (He probably came to Maine four or five years earlier to join his father). He was born in Hammersmith, England, in 1632, and at the age of fifteen, came to America. He married Esther Ballard, daughter of William and Elizabeth Ballard of Lynn, who came on the ship "James" in 1635, and in 1669 Joseph II went to Rhode Island with his young family. He first settled in the town of Warwick. He moved from Warwick to North Providence and with others, founded the town of Pawtucket, Rhode Island. There supposedly is a tablet marking the site of the first settlement and mentions his name as one of the founders. He is said to have built the first house in Pawtucket and many of his descendants are still living there. "By his enterprise, the foundation was laid which made that town the great iron workshop of the colonies and the place where skilled mechanics, who have made Rhode Island noted for her iron and steel works, machinery and other manufacturies, gathered." He was assistant governor of Rhode Island in 1681. Of his sons, Joseph III was assistant governor of Rhode Island eleven years and governor for five years; Ebenezer, pastor of the First Baptist Church in Providence; Nathaniel, major of militia and active in public affairs; William, lawyer and chief justice of the colony. Joseph II is recorded as Freeman in 1677; House of Deputies, Providence, 1679-1680; Assistant Governor, 1680-1691; January 30, 1690, he and five other officials wrote a letter to King William and Queen Mary congratulating them upon their accension to the throne of England.
      !A Jenks Genealogy with Allied Families; Helen Clark Jenks Cleary; 1937

      JENCKES, Joseph, manufacturer, was born in Buckinghamshire, England, in 1632; son of Joseph Jenckes. His father was the inventor of the grass scythe, and a manufacturer of edge-tools. In 1648 he followed his father to Saugus, Mass., and was connected with him in the iron and brass works there, the first established in America. On account of the large amount of charcoal needed for smelting and refining iron ore, the forests around Lynn were rapidly becoming extinct, which caused much alarm among the manufacturers. Jenckes, in order to establish himself in the iron business, followed Roger Williams to Rhode Island, and was granted land in Warwick, in 1669. He purchased a tract of woodland at Pawtucket Falls, near Providence, on the Blackstone river, in 1671. Iron ore was discovered near the falls, and Jenckes built a foundry and forge, which were destroyed during King Philip's war in 1676. He rebuilt the works and laid the foundation of the great iron works of Providence. He was the founder of Pawtucket, R.I. In 1661 he was elected a member of the governor's council, and served as assistant, or lieutenant-governor, and subsequently was a member of the house of deputies. He married Esther Ballard, of Lynn (born in England, 1633), and they had six daughters and four sons. His son Joseph became governor of Rhode Island. He died in Pawtucket, R.I., Jan. 4, 1717.
      !Twentieth Century Biographical Dictionary of Notable Americans: Volume VI

      Joseph Jenks, Jr., moved from Lynn to Concord in 1660, where he became involved in a bloomery being established there. While at Hammersmith to get iron plates for that forge he remarked that "if he had the King heir he would cutt off his head and mak a football of it." He was tried before the General Court for treason, but he was acquitted. He then turned his attention from ironmaking to sawmills. Failing at Concord he moved to Rhode Island late in 1668, where he erected a sawmill. Four years later he erected a forge at Pawtucket. There he was joined by his half brother, Daniel Jenks, and the forge continued in operation well into the eighteenth century.
      !Joseph Jenks, Colonial Toolmaker and Inventor: Carlson, Stephen P.

      Joseph went in a short time to Pawtucket, R.I. where he built a house which was the first house built by a while man at that place; which house, is said, remains to this day, (1817) and is now owned by the widow and heirs of the late Ichabod Jenks. He afterwards built him a forge to make iron, which was burnt in King Phillips War by the Indians. It was soon rebuilt and vast quantities of iron were made in it for more than a hundred years, History says the Jenks family mostly resided in Pawtucket, R.I. and it's vicinity for nearly a hundred years and they all descend from the Hon. Joseph Jenks Esq. He had four children, all sons, who are reputed to have been very eminent men. The names were Joseph, Nathaniel, Ebenezer and William.
      !CAPRON GENEALOGY
    Person ID  I10521  Bryant
    Last Modified  12 Mar 2006 

    Father  Joseph Jenckes,   b. Bef 26 Aug 1599, Hammersmith, London, Middlesex, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 16 Mar 1683, Lynn, Essex Co, Massachusetts Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Mother  Joan Hearne,   b. Abt 1607, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Feb 1635, Isleworth, Hounslow, London, Middlesex, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Married  05 Nov 1627  Colnbrook, Horton, Buckinghamshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [1
    Family ID  F566  Group Sheet

    Family  Esther Ballard,   b. Abt 1633, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1717, Pawtucket, Providence Co, Rhode Island Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Married  Bef 1652  Lynn, Essex Co, Massachusetts Find all individuals with events at this location  [3
    Children 
     1. Joseph Jencks, III Governor,   b. 1656, Pawtucket, Providence Co, Rhode Island Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 15 Jun 1740, Providence, Providence Co, Rhode Island Find all individuals with events at this location
     2. Elizabeth Jenckes,   b. 1658, Pawtucket, Providence Co, Rhode Island Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 12 May 1740, Kingstown, Washington Co, Rhode Island Find all individuals with events at this location
     3. Sarah Jenckes,   b. 1660, Pawtucket, Providence Co, Rhode Island Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1708
     4. Nathaniel Jenckes,   b. 29 Jan 1662, Pawtucket, Providence Co, Rhode Island Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 17 Aug 1724, Pawtucket, Providence Co, Rhode Island Find all individuals with events at this location
     5. Esther Jenckes,   b. 1664, Pawtucket, Providence Co, Rhode Island Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1720
     6. Ebenezer Jenks, Rev.,   b. 1669, Pawtucket, Providence Co, Rhode Island Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 14 Aug 1726
     7. Joanna Jenckes,   b. 1672, Providence, Providence Co, Rhode Island Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 12 Mar 1756, Smithfield, Providence Co, Rhode Island Find all individuals with events at this location
     8. Abigail Jenckes,   b. 1673, Providence, Providence Co, Rhode Island Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 12 Mar 1756
     9. William Jencks,   b. 1675, Providence, Providence Co, Rhode Island Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 02 Oct 1765
    Family ID  F565  Group Sheet

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsBaptism - 12 Oct 1628 - Horton, Buckinghamshire, England Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsMarried - Bef 1652 - Lynn, Essex Co, Massachusetts Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsDied - 04 Jan 1717 - Pawtucket, Providence Co, Rhode Island Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsBuried - 11 Jan 1717 - Pawtucket, Providence Co, Rhode Island Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Maps 
     = Link to Google Earth 
    Pin Legend  : Address       : Location       : City/Town       : County/Shire       : State/Province       : Country       : Not Set

  • Sources 
    1. [S198] Carlson, Joseph Jenks, Carlson, Stephen P., (Eastern National Park and Monument Association, 1985), p.3.

    2. [S274] Ancestral File (R), The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, (Copyright (c) 1987, June 1998, data as of 5 January 1998).

    3. [S312] The Great Migration, Anderson, Robert Charles & George F. Sanborn, Melinde Lutz Sanborn, (New England Historic Genealogical Society, Boston, Massachusetts, 1999), p. 148.


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